Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Spectra of Hydrogen-poor Superluminous Supernovae from the Palomar Transient Factory

Most Type I superluminous supernovae (SLSNe-I) reported to date have been identified by their high peak luminosities and spectra lacking obvious signs of hydrogen. We demonstrate that these events can be distinguished from normal-luminosity SNe …

Illuminating gravitational waves: A concordant picture of photons from a neutron star merger

Merging neutron stars offer an excellent laboratory for simultaneously studying strong-field gravity and matter in extreme environments. We establish the physical association of an electromagnetic counterpart (EM170817) with gravitational waves …

CfAIR2: Near-infrared Light Curves of 94 Type Ia Supernovae

CfAIR2 is a large, homogeneously reduced set of near-infrared (NIR) light curves (LCs) for Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) obtained with the 1.3 m Peters Automated InfraRed Imaging TELescope. This data set includes 4637 measurements of 94 SNe Ia and 4 …

Strong near-infrared carbon in the Type Ia supernova iPTF13ebh

We present near-infrared (NIR) time-series spectroscopy, as well as complementary ultraviolet (UV), optical, and NIR data, of the Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) iPTF13ebh, which was discovered within two days from the estimated time of explosion. The …

A Machine-learning Method to Infer Fundamental Stellar Parameters from Photometric Light Curves

A fundamental challenge for wide-field imaging surveys is obtaining follow-up spectroscopic observations: there are >10$^9$ photometrically cataloged sources, yet modern spectroscopic surveys are limited to åisebox-0.5ex few× 10$^6$ targets. As we …

Multi-color Optical and Near-infrared Light Curves of 64 Stripped-envelope Core-Collapse Supernovae

We present a densely sampled, homogeneous set of light curves of 64 low- redshift (z <åisebox-0.5ex 0.05) stripped-envelope supernovae (SNe of Type IIb, Ib, Ic, and Ic- BL). These data were obtained between 2001 and 2009 at the Fred L. Whipple …

A mid-infrared study of RR Lyrae stars with the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer all-sky data release

We present a group of 3740 previously identified RR Lyrae variables well observed with the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE). We explore how the shape of the generic RR Lyrae mid-infrared light curve varies over period-space, comparing light …

The highly eccentric detached eclipsing binaries in ACVS and MACC

Next-generation synoptic photometric surveys will yield unprecedented (for the astronomical community) volumes of data and the processes of discovery and rare-object identification are, by necessity, becoming more autonomous. Such autonomous searches …

Mid-infrared period-luminosity relations of RR Lyrae stars derived from the AllWISE Data Release.

We use photometry from the recent AllWISE Data Release of the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) of 129 calibration stars, combined with prior distances obtained from the established M$_V$-[Fe/H] relation and Hubble Space Telescope …

Probing the distance and morphology of the Large Magellanic Cloud with RR Lyrae stars

We present a Bayesian analysis of the distances to 15,040 Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) RR Lyrae stars using $V$- and $I$-band light curves from the Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment, in combination with new $z$-band observations from the Dark …